Sodium tungstate is a kind of tungstate, and its chemical formula is Na2WO4.
In nature, sodium tungstate is a colorless crystalline or white crystalline powder, and is often used as a plant protection, metal corrosion inhibitor and photocatalytic agent because of its non-toxic and environmental advantages. But is rarely known by people that sodium tungstate can also be used to treat diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia is caused by insulin secretion defects or impaired biological effects, or both. The consequences of diabetes are easy to cause eye, kidney, heart, blood vessels, nerves of chronic damage, dysfunction, such as high blood pressure, stroke, etc., is a healthy killer of middle-aged and elderly people. The traditional compound for the preparation of diabetes is vanadate, which is a simple inorganic vanadium compounds such as sodium vanadate, vanadyl sulfate etc.. Vanadium insulin has been widely used for many years to alleviate the incidence of diabetes and improve the physical condition of the diabetic and mimic the physiological function of insulin, however, vanadium has low toxicity, and long-term use of drugs will inevitably harm the liver, kidney and other organs.
Many studies have found that sodium tungstate, like vanadate and other trace elements, can promote the synthesis and accumulation of glycogen, promote glycolysis and inhibit gluconeogenesis.
There were medical workers using sodium tungstate and sodium vanadate to compare tests, in animal studies, sodium tungstate can reduce normal blood glucose levels in type 1 and type 2 diabetic rats without causing hypoglycemia, even after a considerable period of withdrawal, the blood glucose levels of the treatment group remained normal or lower than the sodium vanadate control group. Although sodium vanadate has good hypoglycemic effect, but after a period of withdrawal, blood glucose levels rose earlier in animals treated with sodium vanadate. More importantly, although sodium salts are similar in biological properties to vanadate and other trace elements, sodium tungstate is less toxic and highly bioavailable.
Based on the above factors, it can be predicted that tungstic acid has more broad prospects for the prevention and treatment of diabetes than other trace elements, in the near future, with the end of clinical trials, sodium tungstate will bring the gospel to more diabetic patients.
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