2015年9月28日星期一

The Influence Factors of Producing Blue Tungsten Oxide (2)

After studies showed a major factors influence blue tungsten oxide (BTO) performance was particle size and production process. The process production conditions including baking temperature, hydrogen flow and baking time. On one hand, under the certain baking temperature, the particle will grow up and the crack will more rough when hydrogen flow decease. 

But on the other hand when hydrogen flow increase, the particle will finer and uniform. This is mainly because of increased pressure and permeation of hydrogen will change the internal stress of particle, such stress can lead to lattice distortion, resulting in cracking particles. Therefore, the particles tend to rupture and produce a fine particle powder. Baking time also is an important factor for producing fine blue tungsten oxide. The long baking time, the bigger particle and surface crack of blue tungsten oxide. The experiments show, baking solution temperature at 400 ~ 500 ℃, baking time for 30 to 40 minutes, the hydrogen flow 1.51ml / min, will obtain more crack and uniform fine blue tungsten oxide particle.




The Influence Factors of Producing Blue Tungsten Oxide (1)

With the development of science and technology, there are more stringent on quality requirements of blue tungsten oxide. The particle size and morphology of blue tungsten oxide are an important factor affecting the performance of it. After studies show that the raw materials and producing process are important factors affecting blue tungsten oxide particle size.

Firstly, the raw materials, if it has small particle size then using small raw material to produce blue tungsten oxide the particle of it will finer. Besides the blue tungsten oxide particle will more uniform.Secondly is producing process. The main factors which influence particle size is baking temperature, hydrogen flow and baking time and so on. Effect of baking temperature is at the beginning the crack will increase with the baking temperature increase, besides the rule crystal turn to irregularity small particle. But when the reaction reach to a certain degree the blue tungsten oxide particle crack will decrease with the temperature increase. While baking temperature at 400 ℃ blue tungsten oxide particles is uniformly but with the temperature rises, the uniformity of the particles is decline and the particles have grown.





2015年9月23日星期三

Blue Tungsten Oxide Cyclic Oxidation Producing Tungsten Powder

Fine tungsten powder is an important raw material for producing tungsten carbide powder, to improve the performance of carbide tungsten is necessary to reduce or eliminate the coarse tungsten powder particles. Otherwise it will cause tungsten carbide cracks, fracture and other phenomena in the course. After studies the process of using blue tungsten oxide as raw material to produce fine tungsten powder research found that by using exceptionally pure ammonium paratungstate calcinate in ammonia to get blue tungsten and then go through the cyclic oxidation producing fine tungsten powder, and the tungsten powder properties is better which is less coarse. Producing process as follows:

1. Slow heating exceptionally pure ammonium paratungstate which is in ammonia to 600 ℃, when the temperature reach 600℃for 10min heat preservation to produce  blue tungsten oxide.
2. To obtain tungsten powder by restoring blue tungsten oxide in hydrogen.
3. The obtained tungsten powder slowly heating in air to 500 ℃, for the first time oxidation. When the temperature reaches 500 ℃ for 10min heating preservation to obtain tungsten trioxide.
4. The obtained tungsten trioxide in the hydrogen condition to process second reduction.



Blue Tungsten Oxide’s Oxygen Index and Colors

Oxygen index have certain impact on the performance and morphology of blue tungsten oxide, researcher determination of oxygen index of blue tungsten oxide by weight method. After experimental data analysis found that the baking temperature has great impact on oxygen content and the color of blue tungsten oxide. When baking temperature at 350 ~ 500 ℃, the oxygen index between 2.96-2.90. Changing the baking temperature, the color and oxygen content of blue tungsten oxide also will change and surface gloss index has varying degrees of change.

At 350 ℃, blue tungsten oxide’s color is yellow-blue and has high oxygen index, matte. As the temperature increases, blue tungsten oxide gradually be reduced, when the baking temperature reaches at 450 ℃blue tungsten oxide’s color translated into blue-black and surface of it has metal light, oxygen index of 2.94. When baking temperature reached 500 ℃, oxygen index of 2.90, blue tungsten oxide color is blue-black. As the temperature continues to rise in parts of blue tungsten oxide restore into WO2.72 , then the blue color of blue tungsten oxide become more deepen and oxygen index further reducing. When baking temperature reaches 550 ℃, it began to appear purple WO2.72, but most retain the blue color which to form a heterogeneous mixture.