In the past few years, an increasing interest has been put on the tungsten oxide films due to their potential applications in smart windows, gas sensors, photocatalytic reactions, and optoelectronic devices etc. The unique properties of the tungsten oxide films were usually determined by the oxygen defects and the valence states of tungsten ions. Besides, it is very important to improve the properties of tungsten oxide films and other oxide films by controlling their morphologies and crystalline phases,which mainly depend on the preparation technologies and thermal treating temperatures and atmospheres.
When the temperature of the source and substrate changes, the growth of the tungsten oxide nanowires changes with regularity. i.e., as the temperature of the source of evaporation and substrate increases, the diameter of tungsten oxide nanowires increases gradually and its diameter increases faster than its height; as the temperature of the substrate increase, the height of the tungsten oxide also increases gradually and its height increases faster than its diameter.